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EUROPEAN COMMUNITY

assisted suicide, common law defence of necessity & of Strasbourg jurisprudence, court argues blanket ban is not disproportionate (case) - 2013, 171, 116
blasphemy incompatible with EU law? - 2008, 161, 88
capital punishment, US and EU attitudes to and morality of - 2006, 156, 3
Commission on a Bill of Rights: call for reform of ECtHR - 2013, 170, 96
comparative review of EU, UK & US on limits to tax deduction for company interest payments - 2014, 172, 42
compulsory retirement age, not discriminatory for an EU state to set one, but government is reviewing this (case) - 2009, 163, 175
Constitution (proposed EU), jurisdiction & powers of - 2005, 155, 87
Council of Europe: documents relating to religion & problems addressing concerns in widely different member states - 2009, 162, 36
delimiting governmental power in the religious domain: the Bessarabian Church case - 2003, 151, 137
differing regulation of excessive interest rates across Europe - 2014, 172, 42
double standards not permitted to interfere with free movement of goods - 1988, 96/97, 55
E.C. trade agreements, use & enforcement of human rights & democracy clauses in - 1995, 126/127, 105
ECtHR, government commission addressing problems with - 2011, 167, 80
effects of social change on religious traditions & governance in Europe - 2004, 152, 68
Employment law (E.U.): possible effects on church schools - 2002, 148, 4
Employment law (E.U.) and religious organisations: possible conflicts - 2002, 148, 4
enforcement of rights in domestic courts - 1977, 54/55, 130
EU human rights are individualistic, UN ones involve more collective responsibility - 2004, 153, 159
EU law upholds impartiality of State towards religions (incompetent to decide on religious doctrines) - 2013, 171, 21
European case law relating to Muslim dress in public places & Begum case - 2012, 169, 224
European Conferences exploring the concept of National Church - 2002, 149, 70
European law guarantees religious freedom but not particular state / religion model - 2013, 171, 21
Eweida and Article 9: fair balance of rights, nuanced approach to belief & need for employer to be reasonable (not always resignation) - 2013, 171, 70
Fair Trials Abroad (FTA): group promoting European justice - 2001, 147, 114
federalism in the EU & the US Constitutions - 2005, 155, 87
free movement of goods and proportionality of Sunday trading legislation - 1991, 110/111, 44
freedom of religion: upholding by the ECHR - 2003, 151, 137
human cloning, prohibition of - 1999, 140/141, 26
indirect discrimination cases: English & European law in conflict - 1995, 126/127, 83
interest of European states in religious affairs - 2004, 152, 68
Irish accession and its effects in Ireland - 1983, 78/79, 78
Irish anti-abortion issues before the European Court of Justice - 1992, 114/115, 126
judicial power in the EU: 3 tiers of courts - 2005, 155, 87
jurisdiction over foreign parent companies -1990, 106/107, 31
law on religion in the media (in different European countries) - 2004, 152, 68
legislative power in the proposed EU Constitution - 2005, 155, 87
miscarriages of justice, cases in Europe - 2001, 147, 114
not necessary to specifically cite ECHR in national courts for violation to be upheld - 2003, 151, 137
'philosophical belief', meaning of: five criteria from ECHR jurisprudence & Grainger; problems of application to employment law - 2015, 175, 180
political structure of the Council of Europe - 2009, 162, 36
practical relations between religious groups & public authorities in European countries - 2004, 152, 68
problems of ensuring justice in the different legal systems of Europe's nation states - 2001, 147, 114
'reasonable adjustment' (as used in disability law) to accommodate religious rights in employment law: discussion of pros and cons - 2015, 174, 77
recognition of religious (non-civil) marriage differs across Europe - 2011, 166, 98
religion in the Constitutions of different European countries - 2004, 152, 3
religious influence on secular government in Europe - 2004, 152, 68
religious pluralism in Europe: legal responses to: 2004, 152, 68
religious symbols & dress in schools: European cases illustrating prohibitive & inclusive approaches - 2013, 171, 21
reviews of cases showing how far religion can affect employment - 2009, 163, 142
secular values systems - 2004, 153, 159
'specific situation' employment rule - changes away from freedom to resign a job being counted as freedom of religion protection - 2013, 171, 70
state law, religious needs & social conflict in Europe - 2004, 152, 68
State neutrality in European countries with regard to institutional religious symbols (public policy & case law) - 2013, 171, 21
Strasbourg Court on discrimination due to belief; must be a worldview rather than mere opinion but political beliefs should be protected - 2015, 175, 180
subsidiarity, a critique of, in theology and E.C. law - 2002, 148, 46
subsidiarity: reflections on its importance in the EU - 2005, 154, 31
subsidiarity within the European legal order - 2003, 151, 111
Sunday trading and Article 30 of Treaty of Rome - 1989, 100/101, 72
Sunday working (imposing of) doesn't necessarily violate Christian rights (case) - 2009, 163, 142
'voodoo' allowed as a trademark (CTM): debate over whether it was a religion inconclusive (case) - 2015, 174, 155
Western law & Canon law on usury: background, development, theory, practice & possible future provisions for Europe - 2014, 172, 42
witchcraft: laws & trial processes in England compared to Europe (ecclesiastical & secular courts) - 2011, 167, 54
European Convention on Human Rights
acceptance by Britain of jurisdiction of Court and Commission - 1968, 21, 168
analysis of articles and their equivalents in English law - 1987, 92/93, 59
anti-discrimination legal systems of EU derived law and ECHR jurisprudence: comparing spheres of operation, characteristics protected & justification different - 2015, 174, 77
application in UK courts -1987, 92/93, 59
Article 8 and the right to respect for family life - 1989, 100/101, 71
Article 9: analysis of case law on freedom of thought and what count as 'convictions' in the forum internum - 2013, 171, 52
Article 9: case law to show what counts as an action manifesting a religion or belief (specific-situation rule) - 2013, 171, 52
clergy discipline procedures, impact on - 2000, 145, 21
derogation by United Kingdom regarding Northern Ireland - 1969, 24, 106
detaining foreign nationals without trial allowed for suspected terrorists - 2003, 150, 79
divorce law in Ireland and the Convention - 1985, 84/85, 14
enforcement of European Community rights - 1977, 54/55, 130
enforcing chancel repair liability - incompatible with human rights? - 2003, 151, 163
European Convention on Human Rights - 1974, 45, 126
European Convention on Human Rights & Biomedicine wrt cloning - 1999, 140/141, 26
European Court: impartial judicial forum to enforce rights - 2001, 146, 5
European Court of Human Rights: lack of democracy in interference with domestic jurisdictions - 2009, 162, 36
group disadvantage (assessment of) in religious discrimination cases (Reg. 3(b)(iii)), incompatible with Article 9 when ECHR engaged - 2015, 174, 77
incorporation into domestic law - 1977, 54/55, 82
incorporation into domestic law, need for - 1985, 86/87, 4
individual right to petition Commission - 1986, 88/89, 2
jurisprudence of the European Court - 1983, 78/79, 112
major defects in observance within EU - 2001, 147, 114
ministers of religion, linking employment status with Article 9 of European Convention - 2007, 159, 129
not necessary to specifically cite ECHR in national courts for violation to be upheld - 2003, 151, 137
problems with inclusion in a - 1980, 64/65, 5
proselytising social worker not unfairly dismissed, due to inappropriate promotion of his religion, not his religion per se (case) - 2009, 163, 178
Protocol 15: new 'margin of appreciation' added to preamble - 2013, 170, 96
religious discrimination employment cases, effect of European Convention on UK - 1998, 138/139, 105
religious discrimination cases moving from 'core component' or group size focus to protecting individual beliefs (Article 9) - 2015, 174, 77
right to respect for family life - 1989, 100/101, 71
rights protected and enforced - 2001, 146, 5
Scottish Ecclesiastical tribunals & the convention - 2004, 153, 128
'victim' only, can bring a matter to court - 2005, 154, 27
ECHR (Cases)
Article 9: analysis of case law on freedom of thought and what count as 'convictions' in the forum internum - 2013, 171, 52
Article 9: case law to show what counts as an action manifesting a religion or belief (specific-situation rule) - 2013, 171, 52
Article 9 and freedom of religion: court cases - 2007, 158, 71/72/74/77/78/80
BNP councillor sacked from driving job judged allowable due to safety risks by UK but Strasbourg ruled should be some protection for beliefs - 2015, 175, 180
bull at Hindu temple: doesn't infringe human rights to kill when has TB - 2007, 159, 155
case law on right to wear religious symbols, development over time - 2013, 171, 52
cases concerning prisoners - 2001, 146, 5
change in emphasis in ECHR case law (since 2005) away from proving manifestation & interference in beliefs, towards possible justification for the interference - 2013, 171, 52
chastity ring, wearing of at school not a human right - 2007, 159, 150
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, having to pay tax on their premises (not open to public) does not breach human rights law (case) - 2008, 161, 130; appeal to Strasbourg (ECHR) - 2011, 167, 106
defendants/witnesses cannot be required to reveal religious beliefs in order to take declaration rather than oath - 2010, 165, 216
Diane Pretty case: human rights not breached, no legal 'right to die' - 2003, 150, 51
differing fee liability for immigrants wishing to marry in C. of E. or elsewhere is discrimination - 2011, 166, 90
ECHR doesn't require 'necessity' or weighting of religious beliefs to invoke article 9 so EAT doing this may not be legitimate precedent (case) - 2013, 170, 131; judgment retained on appeal but wrong to say beliefs must be core ones - 2014, 172, 94; 2015, 174, 77
Eweida & Chaplin cases, religious jewellry at work, ECHR decided differently due to health / safety factors in second case - 2013, 170, 67 & 118
freedom of religion, cases upholding this in the ECHR - 2011, 167, 27
freedom of religion: upholding by the ECHR - 2003, 151, 137
freedom of religion cases, motivation & manifestation in, paradoxical treatment in Eweida, Arrowsmith & Sahin - 2013, 171, 52
freedom of religion in employment case law not violated if able to leave job until Eweida, now must weigh proportionateness - 2013, 171, 52
inheritance tax, sisters living together having to pay this on the death of one, rights not infringed by being treated differently to married/civil partners (case) - 2008, 161, 147
registrar & counsellor take Christian employment cases to ECHR - 2011, 167, 111
Ladele & McFarlane cases: ECHR upheld that religious views cannot justify discrimination against homosexual couples - 2013, 170, 67 & 118
Mormon temple not eligible for total exemption from business rates as public not allowed access (ECHR) - 2014, 172, 82
mother discriminated against at work due to son being disabled is a case of disability discrimination (case) - 2008, 161, 148 (ECJ); 2009, 162, 85 (Tribunal); (associative discrimination UKEAT) 2010, 164, 96
muslim dress: niqab wearing ban at school is licit, there are other ways to manifest religion - 2007, 158, 72
muslim dress: school can ban niqab for staff since hampers communication - 2007, 158, 74
muslim dress: wearing of jilbab at school not a human right - 2007, 158, 71
newspaper alleging sexual impropriety at a seminary didn't violate privacy or perpetrators, but paper prohibited from republishing photo - 2013, 170, 130
prison authorities violated rights by failing to provide Buddhist prisoner with vegetarian diet (ECHR) - 2014, 172, 104
'sham' marriages: difficulties of legally regulating these - 2007, 159, 148
unsuccessfully invoked to circumvent blasphemy law - 2000, 145, 6
wearing Christian symbol at work cases (Eweida & Chaplin) taken to ECHR - 2011, 167, 115
Armenia
imprisonment of Jehovah's Witness for refusing military service violates Article 9 (ECHR) - 2011, 167, 101; (similar cases ECHR) - 2012, 168, 117
Austria
IVF using donors can be banned in Europe but must be coherent, in these cases rights were violated (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 100; on appeal Austria had not exceeded margins of appreciation (GC) - 2012, 168, 141
Jehovah's Witnesses discriminated against by being liable for compulsory civilian service, when exempted from military service (ECHR) - 2009, 163, 184
Jehovah's Witnesses rights violated by preventing them employing a foreign minister and having to pay tax on a donation due to lack of State recognition (ECHR) - 2013, 170, 126
Jehovah's Witnesses seeking recognition as a religious society suffered unacceptable delays breaching Article 9 (case) - 2008, 161 154
same sex marriage: EU states not obliged to implement this or, if they do, make it correspond to marriage in every way (case) - 2010, 165, 233
religious community wanting registration should not have to undergo ten year waiting period (case) - 2009, 163, 200
unmarried couples where one partner seeks to adopt other's child must be treated same regardless of sexuality (ECHR) - 2013, 170, 148
Azerbaijan
mosque congregation not discriminated against by refusal of registration as hadn't exhausted domestic remedies, didn't own the property & could worship elsewhere (ECHR) - 2013, 170, 128
non-profit NGO shut down for engaging in Islamic activities; rights breached as domestic law didn't define 'religious activity' (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 149
Belgium
Church of Scientology investigated for fraud, court can't rule on alleged press statements by authorities prejudicing case since domestic remedies not exhausted, journalists being solely responsible etc (ECHR) - 2014, 172, 74
justified to conclude that Islamic 'Kafala' is not equivalent to adoption in Belgian law (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 131
Bulgaria
Christian broadcaster can't be refused licence without right to adequate appeal (case) - 2008, 160, 52
dismissal by State employer due to belonging to a religious group is unlawful (ECHR) - 2007, 158, 78
police interrupting house meeting of unregistered Unification Church, violates human rights (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 78
religious organisation meetings in lady's house classed as sect & subjected to illegal police searches; rights violated (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 136
Roma church hadn't exhausted domestic remedies for their registration before appealing to ECHR (case) - 2008, 161, 145
unlawful for government to take sides between rival church leaderships (ECHR) - 2009, 163, 185; applicants awarded damages but no property rights (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 82
violent demonstration against mosque's call to prayer not properly investigated, no one charged; worshipper's rights violated (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 151
Croatia
government must remain neutral and recognise small reformed churches as able to provide pastoral care, education and marriages (as others are) (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 96
Finland
transsexual can't have I.D. number changed to female unless his wife agrees to divorce as same-sex marriage unlawful (ECHR rules in favour of state) - 2013, 170, 122; Appeal upholds state refusal - 2014, 173, 224
France
Egyptian Coptic Christian's rights would be violated by deportation due to risk of ill-treatment for proselytism (ECHR) - 213, 171, 115
incitement to racial, ethnic or religious hatred can be punished regardless of freedom of expression (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 86
Jehovah's Witness association hit by retrospective, unforeseeable tax bill which reduced current operations, against Article 9 (ECHR) - 2011, 167, 99; France must reimburse & pay costs - 2012, 169, 262
lesbian adoption may be permitted via adoption by singles, lack of male referent not an obstacle (ECHR)- 2008, 160, 50
muslim banned from wearing full-face veil in public: proportionate restriction to fulfil life in society and protect rights / freedoms of others (case) - 2014, 173, 235
muslim lady refusing to remove veil for identity check, can reasonably be refused a visa (case) - 2008, 161, 151
religious dress in schools: fair to insist headscarf removed for PE; fair to exclude for continuing to wear items (ECHR) - 2009, 163, 178
sikh can be obliged to remove turban for driving license photo (ECHR) - 2009, 163, 188
usury laws in France: criminal, statute & variation with the nature of the loan - 2014, 172, 42
vegetative patient, ending nutrition to, doesn't breach his right to life under Article 2; dissenters slam lack of ethics (ECHR) - 2015, 175, 273
Georgia
Jehovah's Witnesses attacked by Orthodox group: inaction by authorities breaches rights - 2007, 159, 163
Jehovah's Witnesses suffered violence by state agents which was not properly investigated due to official toleration of violence (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 128
Germany
Baptist parents can't remove primary children from school sex education (ECHR) - 2011, 167. 124
Catholic assistant in Protestant day-nursery can be dismissed due to incompatible beliefs (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 101
church workers having affairs and being dismissed; one case upheld, the other not (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 88
humanist ethics course (compulsory) at school, doesn't violate any rights (case) - 2010, 164, 92
incest between siblings is still criminal act, despite family life (ECHR) - 2012, 168, 147
refusal to follow instructions leading to dismissal on grounds of 'subjective moral dilemma' does not necessarily constitute 'belief' under Article 9 (case) - 2008, 161, 144
refusal to register Islamic organisation upheld; groups that act contrary to Convention values are not protected (ECHR) - 2012, 169, 272
sects, governments can warn against, but in legal proceedings need to keep a fair timescale (ECHR) - 2009, 163, 188
taxpayer must state membership (or not) of those churches authorised to levy tax, doesn't violate his rights, protects from unauthorised deductions (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 103
Greece
defendants/witnesses cannot be required to reveal religious beliefs, or lack of, in order to take declaration rather than oath - 2010, 165, 216; no damages payable - 2012, 168, 119; judgment that rights violated upheld (case) - 2013, 170, 116
freedom of religion in Greece - 2004, 152, 27
lawyer having to reveal religious convictions in order to take oath or affirmation (on taking office), contravenes Article 9 (case) - 2008, 161, 143
requirement to disclose atheism to avoid religious oath again ruled as violating article 9 (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 135
Hungary
Father's rights violated by removing all access to son due to his irrational religious worldview (ECHR) - 2013, 170, 145
government wrong to require re-registration of many religious groups (to prevent abuse of subsidies) when less drastic means possible (ECHR) - 2014, 173, 228
Italy
court hearing on Jewish holyday so Jewish lawyer couldn't attend, justifiably infringed his rights to provide timely justice (ECHR) - 2012, 168, 140
display of crucifix in state school incompatible with state neutrality & against human rights (ECHR) - 2010, 164, 105; decision reversed so display of crucifix within margin of appreciation for member stated to decide (GC) - 2011, 166, 84
income tax percentage to be given to Churches can be legally set by individual EU states (case) - 2010, 165, 236
Italy not obliged to introduce same-sex 'marriage' but against Article 8 to only have 'cohabitation agreements' for legal recognition (ECHR) - 2015, 175, 282
Italy within rights in a democratic society to ban donation of existing embryos for experimentation (ECHR) - 2015, 175, 284
Lautsi case - does display of crucifix in school violate religious freedom? - 2013, 171, 21
municipal tax exemption (to churches), European Commission investigate if is illegal state aid - 2010, 165, 159
Latvia
ECHR rules in a wrongful dismissal employment case on Article 10 grounds; implications for religious employers? (ECHR) - 2015, 175, 294
government should maintain neutrality in internal religious disputes (registered Orthodox breakaway group) (ECHR) - 2009, 163, 190
Hare Krishna prisoner complaining of ridicule & problems observing religious rituals, inadmissible claims (ECHR) - 2012, 168, 126
Hare Krishna prisoner refused permission to have religious items and recordings as these were not on list of allowed items (info. note) - 2012, 169, 272
jurisdiction scope of ECHR increases as it rules in a wrongful dismissal employment case (ECHR) - 2015, 175, 294
Lithuania
child custody case didn't discriminate against member of a 'new religious movement' - 2010, 165, 219
Moldova
delimiting governmental power in the religious domain: the Bessarabian Church case - 2003, 151, 137
legal recognition of Churches: religious rights & freedoms - 2003, 151, 137
LGBT community NGO banned by government from demonstrating outside parliament did have rights violated (ECHR) - 2012, 169, 271
refusal to register Orthodox church by Regional Council violates Article 9 (ECHR) - 2012, 169, 270
State can't legally refuse to register a religious denomination - 2007, 158, 80
unlawful to fine a person for practising unregistered religion (ECHR) - 2009, 163, 189
Netherlands
Article 9 doesn't give foreign nationals a right of residence to take up employment, even for a religious association - 2008, 160, 51
political party holds that Bible excludes women from public office, State can take measures to end this inequality (ECHR) - 2012, 169, 292
Northern Ireland
failure of police to prevent sectarian violence not classed as a failure to prevent degrading treatment (case) - 2009, 163, 180
police took reasonable steps to protect applicants from sectarian violence on way to school (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 91
Norway
religious education: humanist parents given right to withdraw children - 2007, 159, 159
Poland
blanket refusal for surviving same-sex partners to suceed to social housing tenancy (as married would) is discrimination - 2010, 165, 226
Buddhist in prison has right to vegetarian meals (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 83
child's rights violated by not being offered ethics class instead of R.E. (case) - 2010, 165, 220
development site listed as Jewish Cemetery after purchase thus restricting usage; couple get partial compensation (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 152
European Court rules that denying a lady abortion violated her human right to respect for private life - 2007, 158, 81
homosexuals: right to demonstrate for equal treatment upheld - 2007, 159, 156
Poland must give access to prenatal tests as the law allows for abortion in cases of foetal malformation (ECHR) - 2011, 167, 119
State must provide mechanism for determining conditions for obtaining lawful abortion (ECHR) - 2007, 158, 81
witholding information and access to abortion from child rape victim (plus removal from mother, lack of confidentiality, degrading treatment) violated rights (ECHR) - 2013, 17, 137
Republic of Ireland
cases (inc. ECHR) on women wanting abortion in Ireland or to travel for one - 2011, 166, 5
challenge to Irish abortion ban; upheld that in cases where mother's life threatened, Ireland's law breaches human rights (ECHR) - 2011,166, 76
EU statements on abortion & their supervision of incorporating the X case into Irish law - 2011, 166, 5
Romania
authorities can remove Baptist prisoner's radio-cassette player used for religious purposes as every religious act is not protected (ECHR) - 2013, 170, 108
building previously belonging to Catholic diocese but being sold to tenants after Bishop's claim dismissed, reversal of decision by appeal court violated res judicata and therefore tenant's rights (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 126
detention conditions violated prisoner's rights but not being able to confess to a priest on a particular day did not (ECHR) - 2014, 173, 219
divorce case where applicant was Jehovah's Witness, no evidence that this affected outcome (ECHR) - 2011, 167, 112
Government failure to return Catholic property confiscated by Communist Regime violated Church's rights (ECHR) - 2013, 170, 111
Greek Catholics failed to get restitution of property transferred to Orthodox under Ceausescu; domestic court upheld except on length of proceedings (ECHR) - 2015, 175, 271
Greek Catholic parish should be given a hearing to allow services in its former property previously confiscated by state (case) - 2010, 165, 232
government suppression of Greek Catholic Church and removal of property was against their rights (case) - 2009, 163, 198
muslim prisoner wins case that overcrowding breaches Article 3 rights; inability to practise Islam (Article 9) claim rejected as didn't exhaust domestic remedies (ECHR) - 2015, 175, 296
Orthodox prisoners, degrading treatment upheld but no breach of religious freedom as no evidence for this put forward (ECHR) - 2012, 169, 274
refusal to register an Orthodox trade union for salaried employees violated rights of assembly and association (ECHR) - 2012, 168, 144; ruling reversed by GC in favour of State's authority to decide - 2013, 171, 122
State failure to enforce judgment obliging Orthodox parish to allow Greek-Catholics to use their confiscated building breaches Article 6 (case) - 2014, 172, 78
Russia
banning gay rights marches violates human rights (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 77
church services in the open: cannot ban, freedom of peaceful assembly - 2007, 159, 158
custody of children, Jehovah's Witness claims discrimination (articles 8, 14, 9 invoked) - 2008, 160, 55
dissolution of pentecostal mission / college for regulation breaches should have been dealt with less intrusively - article 9 violated (ECHR) - 2014, 173, 220
ECHR ruling that Russia should legally register the Church of Scientology - 2007, 158, 77
man excluded from re-entry to Russia due to membership of Unification Church has had rights violated (ECHR) - 2009, 163, 193
police violated Article 9 by disrupting peaceful gathering of banned Jehovah's Witness organisation (ECHR) - 2014, 173, 227
refusal to legally register Jehovah's witnesses is unlawful - 2010, 165, 222
refusal to register scientology study group & 6 individuals as religious group violated Article 9 & 11 & failed 'prescribed by law' test (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 132
requiring doctors to disclose when Jehovah's Witnesses refuse blood transfusions violates Article 8 (ECHR) - 2013, 171, 104
Scotland
'naked rambler' arrest was within margin of appreciation (& other counts had domestic remedies available); leave to appeal refused (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 142
Serbia
adherents of minority religions should be protected from harm (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 86
Spain
case involving crucifixes in school - ordered removal from public rooms & those classrooms that complained - 2013, 171, 21
company whose Church land purchase was later registered to the Diocese (under old privilege) had ownership & legal rights violated (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 153
laicised married priest teaching in school, contract not renewed by Bishop, no rights violated as grounds strictly religious (ECHR) - 2012, 169, 269
ministers of Evangelical Church treated differently from R.C. clergy for state pension service, violates rights (ECHR) - 2012, 168, 129
surviving spouse of Roma (non-civil) marriage is entitled to survivors pension - 2010, 165, 232
Sweden
Mandean single woman not ruled at risk from deportation to Iraq (ECHR) - 2014, 173, 240; granted Swedish residency so appeal struck out (ECHR) - 2015, 175, 301
Switzerland
applicant alleging lack of clarity in assisted suicide law killed herself but court not told; ruled as abuse of process rather than inadmissible due to death (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 145
Constitutional ban on building minarets cannot be challenged unless an applicant is directly affected (ECHR) - 2011, 167, 116
Switzerland allowed to ban public poster campaign advertising illegal cloning services (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 87; no violation of Article 10 due to sufficient threat to public morals (GC) - 2012, 169, 283
voluntary euthanasia: lady's rights violated by lack of Swiss legal guidelines on when allowed lethal prescription (ECHR) - 2013, 171, 111
Turkey
Alevi meeting house not given free utility bills as the religion not recognised as such; ruling that is religion so was discrimination (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 133
arrest for attending memorial service for members of illegal organisation is not foreseeable or 'prescribed by law' (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 141
authorities can't take Church property without compensation (case) - 2010, 165, 219
children must attend course on religious culture & ethics unless Christian or Jewish, breaches Alevi parents' rights to exemption (ECHR) - 2015, 174, 156
church property (forced to abandon in 1974) dispute needs to exhaust domestic remedies first (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 79
conscientious objectors on military service, unfair to treat as servicemen under normal military discipline (ECHR) - 2012, 169, 289
conscientious refusal of military service by Jehovah's Witnesses followed by military sentences, violates Article 3, 9 etc in democratic society (ECHR) - 2014, 173, 221
exemption from religion classes should be allowed and procedures should respect applicants convictions - 2008, 160, 53
military service for conscientious objectors, no exceptions for and penalties imposed, fail to strike right balance, rights violated (ECHR) - 2012, 169, 289
muslim group are discriminated against by not being allowed to wear distinctive dress in public (case) - 2010, 164, 92
muslim prayers performed in public can be banned by army, but must disclose all documents for fair trial (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 78
parliamentarian prevented from taking the oath due to headscarf is given disproportionate sanction (case) - 2008, 161, 153
refusal of authorities to allow a married women to use only her maiden name, violated Article 14 (ECHR) - 2013, 171, 125
refusal to register properties belonging to Orthodox Church violated EU 'peaceful enjoyment of possessions' (case) - 2010, 165, 214
required statement of holder's religion on identity card breaches rights (case) - 2010, 164, 109
treatment & imprisonment of Jehovah's Witness for refusing military service violates rights (ECHR) - 2012, 168, 119
Turkey not obliged to recognise religious (non-civil) marriage for purpose of survivor's benefits (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 98
Turkish authorities dissolving a political party is against their human rights (ECHR) - 2011, 166, 80
Ukraine
canonical allegiance: state should allow parish statute changes - 2007, 159, 160

 

 

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